Cervical lymphadenitis, also known as "lumps" or "abscesses," is a common condition in guinea pigs. It is caused by a bacterial infection that can enter the body through wounds or scratches, or through the respiratory system. The most common bacteria that causes cervical lymphadenitis is guinea pigs are Streptococcus zooepidemicus.
Symptoms of cervical lymphadenitis in guinea pigs include swelling in the neck or under the chin, which can cause difficulty breathing, eating, and drinking. The affected area may be warm and painful to the touch, and the guinea pig may be lethargic, lose weight, and have a decreased appetite. If left untreated, the infection can spread to other parts of the body, causing systemic illness.
The treatment for cervical lymphadenitis in guinea pigs involves surgical removal of the abscessed lymph node. It is important to follow your veterinarian's instructions carefully and complete the full course of antibiotics, even if your guinea pig appears to have recovered.
Prevention of cervical lymphadenitis in guinea pigs involves good hygiene and regular health checks. Make sure your guinea pig's living area is clean and dry, and wash your hands thoroughly before and after handling your guinea pig. If you notice any signs of illness, such as swelling or discharge from the eyes, nose, or mouth, or if your guinea pig is not eating or drinking normally, contact your veterinarian immediately.
If you suspect your guinea pig has cervical lymphadenitis, do not attempt to treat the condition on your own. Contact your veterinarian right away, as early treatment is essential for a successful outcome. At Priest Lake Veterinary Hospital in Nashville, our experienced team is trained to diagnose and treat a variety of small animal conditions, including cervical lymphadenitis in guinea pigs. We are dedicated to providing the highest quality care for your beloved pets.